Aidan A. Kelly
Written and compiled by George
Kelly is an American academic, poet and prolific writer.
He is a co-founder of the New Reformed Orthodox Order of the Golden Dawn (NROOGD)
an eclectic form of Gardnerian Witchcraft founded in San Francisco in 1969, and
in the mid 1970’s helped to found the Covenant of the Goddess.
He is perhaps best known as the author of a controversial book: Crafting the Art of Magic - Book 1 - A
History of Modern Witchcraft, 1939-1964 published in 1991, in which he reveals his early studies of Gerald Gardner
and the origins of Wicca as a new and contemporary religion.
the oldest of four children, was born on the 22nd October 1940 in Colon,
Panama, where his mother Marie Cecile Kelly was married to his father John Patrick
Kelly, a Lieutenant in the US military. At
the time of his birth, his father was on his first assignment in Panama after
graduating from West Point (the famous US Military Academy established in 1802).
Unknown to Kelly until the 1990’s, throughout the second World War and
for the rest of his service, his father had worked as a high-ranking covert
operative in military intelligence.
service John Patrick had led the family around the world before retiring from
the military and settling in Mill Valley, California in 1955.
Here and to finish his basic education, Kelly attended the Tamalpais High
School graduating in 1957. Incidentally,
a search through the schools records shows that this was the same school that Anton
Szandor LaVey (Howard Stanton Levey), founder of Church of Satan, graduated
from in 1947, although the two were never associated.
Anton LaVey - Tamalpais High
School circ. 1950’s
father’s military service Kelly was brought up a Roman Catholic, and as the
son of an officer, military protocol dictated he join the family and attend Mass
each week. However, after moving to
Mill Valley in 1955, Kelly had what he describes as: “a spontaneous enlightenment experience, which ended my
belief in Catholicism”. As a
result, soon after Kelly declared himself agnostic
and began exploring alternative religions.
Among the intellectuals who influenced him at that time was the mystic
visionary poet William Blake (1757-1827), and the pacifist philosopher and
mathematician Bertrand Russell (1872-1970).
Blake - Bertrand
life is to be fully human it must serve some end which seems, in some sense,
outside human life, some end which is impersonal and above mankind, such as God
or truth or beauty – Bertrand Russell”
High School in 1957, Kelly began studying at the University of California in
Berkeley, but then transferred to San Francisco State College from where he
earned a bachelor’s degree in 1964. While
there in 1958 Kelly married his first wife Anne Devere Ralph, and from 1964-1966
worked as an editor for Stanford University Press.
He later returned to San Francisco State University, and in 1968 received
a master’s degree in creative writing. After
leaving University he joined the staff of W. H. Freeman & Co with whom he
worked until 1973.
While studying at University in 1967, Kelly helped a friend called Sarah T. who had been asked to write a ritual for a Witches’ Sabbat as part of her graduate art seminar. The object of the exercise was to determine if through an act of group ritual, any sort of power or energy could be raised. This was familiar territory for Kelly, who during his researches into alternative religions had already found various resources that he now put to good use. These included the folklore of Charles Leland, the theories of Margaret Murray, The Golden Bough by Sir James George Frazer, The White Goddess by Robert Graves, the early rituals of Gerald Gardner detailed in his book Witchcraft Today, and the more contemporary books of T. C. Lethbridge.
- Margaret Murray -
James Frazer -
Gerald B. Gardner
- T. C. Lethbridge
The ritual they devised contained dancing and chanting, a circle casting and the invocation of the Goddess, but their initial circles failed to raise any of the anticipated energy in rehearsals. During the midsummer of 1968, they decided to try the ritual again but as part of a genuine wedding celebration; this time all the participants agreed that some kind of group energy was raised. Later they tried it again on the actual date of a Sabbat (Lammas 01st August 1968) and according to Kelly: “the energy they raised was almost psychedelic”. As a result the group began to meet regularly, particularly on the Esbats (the monthly full moon celebrations) to re-enact the same ritual with variances.
Gradually from these
meetings an eclectic form of
Gardnerian Witchcraft evolved, and
eventually in 1969 they formed a mother coven into which they all took
initiation as Witches. The
coven called itself: The New
Reformed Orthodox Order of the Golden Dawn (NROOGD), named after the famous occult magical Order of the same name, founded during the
late 1800’s. While they had no
association to that group, according Kelly:
“the name was chosen as a way to screen out would-be members lacking in
a sense of humour, and in recognition of William
William Butler Yeats
one of the original members of the Golden Dawn wrote in 1901:
believe in the practise and philosophy of what we have agreed to call magic, in
what I must call the evocation of spirits, though I do not know what they are,
in the power of creating illusions, in the visions of truth in the depths of the
mind when the eyes are closed; and I believe in three doctrines, which have, as
I think, been handed down from early times, and been the foundations of nearly
all magical practices. These
(1) That the borders of our mind are ever shifting, and that many minds can flow into one another, as it were, and create or reveal a single mind, a single energy.
(2) That the borders of our memories are shifting, and that our memories are part of one great memory, the memory of Nature herself.
That this great mind and great memory can be evoked by symbols”.
As the group
developed Kelly wrote most of their rituals based on his earlier researches of
Gerald Gardner; he also created their Book of Shadows.
Today the NROOGD tradition is one of the oldest continuing Craft traditions in
North America, and has active covens operating throughout the United States.
Since their inception in 1969, members in the San Francisco
Bay area have frequently hosted
large public and semi-public rituals and festivals during the Sabbats.
In 1970 Kelly
divorced his first wife Anne Devere Ralph, and a year later married his second
wife Alta Picchi. Together they had
a daughter Maeve Adair Kelly on the 12th January 1973.
At the end of 1973 he resigned from his staff position at W. H. Freeman
and Co, and started work freelance in order to fund his Ph.D. program at the
Graduate Theological Union (GTU) in Berkeley.
Another year later in 1974, he and his wife Alta were initiated into the
Feri Tradition of Witchcraft founded by Victor
Anderson, Gwydion Pendderwen
and Alison Harlow.
- Alison Harlow
In 1975 Kelly
also helped to found and organise the Covenant of the Goddess (CoG).
Throughout the late 1960’s and early 1970s there had been a
steady rise of interest in contemporary Witchcraft and Paganism, and more and
more people were becoming aware of feminist issues and global concerns for the
environment, many of which causes were championed by Craft members.
In the spring of 1975, elders
from a number of diverse traditions and covens met together in Oakland,
California. Their idea was to form a covenant of consenting member
covens and traditions, and bring them together under one umbrella
organization that could benefit all practitioners of the Craft (similar
to the abortive ‘Council of
American Witches’ spearheaded by Carl
Llewellyn Weschcke in 1973–74).
Kelly for his part drafted
the organizations first Charter and bylaws.
Weschcke - Philip
Emmons Isaac Bonewits
At the Summer Solstice that same year, the Charter and
bylaws were ratified by thirteen member covens, and later on
the 31st October (Samhain) 1975, the Covenant of the Goddess
was incorporated as a non-profit religious organization.
Initially it was set up to foster cooperation and mutual support among
Craft members, and secure for them the legal protections enjoyed by other
religions. Governed by consensus in
a non-hierarchical structure, two-thirds of its clergy were women.
Kelly also served on its
first National Board of Directors from its inception to 1977.
While studying for his Ph.D. during 1974 – 1975 Kelly received copies of material taken from one of Gerald Gardner’s early Book of Shadows. It was owned by Carl Llewellyn Weschcke and sent on to him by his then editor Isaac Bonewits. Kelly believed he could reconstruct from them a history of how Gardner founded modern Wicca. He later followed up his research with a trip to the “Ripley’s Believe It or Not” museum in Toronto. It was here that Monique Wilson, Gardner’s last High Priestess had sold the contents of his Museum of Witchcraft in 1973. While there Kelly found a manuscript entitled: Ye Bok of ye Art Magical, which he believed to be the original Book of Shadows used by Gardner before Doreen Valiente began to change it in 1953- 1954.
Doreen Valiente - Monique Wilson with Gerald Gardner
Kelly wrote a
book based on his initial researches under contract with Llewellyn, but the
finished manuscript was turned down as being too intellectual for the general
mass market they were aiming at. Instead,
Kelly used the book to satisfy his doctoral exam on the Sociology of Religion at
the GTU in Berkeley. However before
he could complete his studies, in 1976 Kelly reached a crisis in his life when
he admitted to having a drink problem. As
a result of this he started a twelve-step sobriety recovery program with
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA). As Kelly
states it: “The Craft as he
understood it at that time could not help him to maintain his sobriety, and a
year later he became a practising Roman Catholic again in order to have an
adequate spiritual path”.
In 1980 Kelly
received his Ph.D. in Theology from the GTU in Berkeley and for the next eight
years taught at various schools in the Bay area of San Francisco, including the
University of San Francisco and the Holy Family College in Fremont, CA.
In 1988 he divorced his second wife Alta Picchi, and having reconciled
his beliefs in witchcraft, became an active member of the Craft again working
with a number of Feri and eclectic circles in the Palo Alto area of San
his third wife Julie O’Ryan, they both took initiation into a Protean coven, a
branch of Gardnerian Wicca founded in 1980 by Judy Harrow in New York.
In 1989 they relocated to Santa Barbara in Southern California, and there
on the 21st March 1990 Julie gave birth to their son Aidan Edward
O’Ryan-Kelly. After the birth of
their son, they moved again this time to Los Angeles, where Kelly took
employment working on the staff of publisher Jeremy Tarcher.
He also worked as a freelance editor and set about founding his own
publishing company. From 1990 to
1992 both he and Julie served as local officers for the Southern California
Council of the Covenant of the Goddess, and at the same time in 1991 Kelly
founded the Aradianic Faerie tradition, a
path of sexual shamanism.
Also in 1991, Kelly’s long awaited History of Modern Witchcraft was finally published by Llewellyn publications entitled: Crafting the Art of Magic - Book 1 - A History of Modern Witchcraft, 1939-1964. The thesis of his book is that modern day Wicca was entirely the making of Gerald Gardner, who he credits with the inventive creative genius and ability to form a new religion in the twentieth century. Kelly’s book was one of the first serious academic studies into the origins of modern Wicca, and in it he challenged Gardner’s historical claims that Wicca was a surviving ancient religion, as such his book came under heavy criticism from hardcore Gardnerians.
While Kelly was
criticised for this early edition of his book when it was published, over time
it has effectively inspired new academic interest and research into the history
of Modern Witchcraft. As Professor Ronald
Hutton the UK’s leading historian on Witchcraft summarises in his own book:
The Triumph of the
Moon (1999): “The
overall effect was to defend the notion of Wicca as a viable new
religion while discrediting Gardner himself, by casting doubt both upon his
historical claims and his personal tastes.
In this, perhaps, he did another service to scholarship, by presenting
Wiccan revisionism in such an intemperate and provocative guise that any
subsequent scholar who tackled the matter was bound to appear moderate by
comparison, and therefore to be the more welcome to Wiccans.”
Crafting the Art of Magic - Book 1
In 1992 Kelly and Julie joined the Church of all Worlds
(CAW, co-founded by Oberon
Zell-Ravenheart and Richard Lance Christie on the 07th April
1962), and in the following year 1993 they became resident members of the Star
City Nest. Shortly after they
relocated to Santa Rosa, where in June of 1994 Kelly and Julie separated.
Kelly next moved to Los Angeles where he continued teaching while
concentrating on his writing. It
was here that he met his fourth wife Melinda Taylor, who on the 21st
April 1995, gave birth to his second son Evan Michael Kelly.
Richard Lance Christie
While living in Los Angeles from 1994 to 1997, Kelly and
Melinda worked mainly with the Coven Ashesh-Hekat of the 1734 tradition, in
which Melinda was trained by Doug and Sandy Kopf. The 1734 tradition is based on the expanded teaching of
Robert Cochrane (Roy
Cochrane had founded a coven in the UK called the “Clan of
Tubal Cain”; roughly about the same time Gerald Gardner started his covens in
the late 1950’s. It was through
his correspondence with Joseph “Bearwalker” Wilson, one of the founders of
the Pagan Way in America, that his teachings eventually evolved into the 1734
In 1997 they relocated to Seattle, where Kelly worked
mainly for Microsoft related companies. In
1999 Melinda gave birth to a daughter Chloe Isidora Kelly.
After the turn of the century in 2000 they formed the Witch Grass Coven
of the NROOGD tradition. Into this they mixed NROOGD influences with that of the 1734
tradition, as well as adding influences from Melinda’s family background as a
Cherokee medicine woman. In 2001
Kelly began teaching again and took a position at the Berkeley Learning Center
in Lakewood, Washington, in addition to teaching for Central Texas College at
Fort Lewis during 2002. Later that
same year Melinda gave birth to another daughter, Isibella Liberty Americus
Aidan Kelly and
Since then Kelly has continued teaching and writing, and
has produced a number of novels and non-fiction books on Pagan theology and
religion. His latest book:
Inventing Witchcraft: A
Case Study in the Creation of a New Religion (2007) is the long awaited revised
and updated edition of his earlier book: Crafting
the Art of Magic. According
to his publisher: “This extensively revised edition contains new research which was
unavailable at the time, as well as detailed textual comparisons of Gerald
Gardner’s own manuscripts, magical books, and rituals that could not be
included in the earlier edition. It
includes contributions from people who helped Gardner create modern Witchcraft
and looks at the sources of his inspiration”.
in 2008 Kelly with his wife and family are located in an area of New Orleans, Louisiana, where he continues
teaching while writing about witchcraft, adding to the growing store of academic
knowledge as slowly more and more secrets about contemporary Witchcraft are
revealed. He and Melinda
continue to work with and develop their Witch Grass Coven, about which more
information can be found here: http://members.tripod.com/witch_grass_coven-ivil/witchgrasscoven/
Kelly is also the host of an online email forum called Gardnerians All,
and this can be found at: http://gardneriansallkelly.bravehost.com/
History and other explorations: Selected poems,
By Aidan A Kelly (Hierophant
Wordsmiths, 1974) - ASIN: B00072WLGW
Beatnik Witches: A History of the Craft in California, 1967-77
- By Aidan Kelly
Space (The Myths & Realities of Extra Terrestrial Life)
- By Aidan
Kelly (Harper & Row Publishers, 1980)
- ISBN-13: 978-0060804992
The New Healers: Healing the Whole Person
- By Larry
Geis, Aidan Kelly, Alta Picchi Kelly -
(Ronin Pub (New Dimensions New York) August 1980)
- ISBN-13: 978-0915904495
The Evangelical Christian Anti-Cult Movement: Christian
Counter-Cult Literature (Cults & new religions)
Aidan A. Kelly (Garland Publishing Inc., 14 Mar 1990)
- ISBN-13: 978-0824043742
Theosophy: I (Cults & New Religions)
James R. Lewis, Aidan A. Kelly (Garland
Publishing Inc., 20 Mar 1990) -
Theosophy: II (Cults & New Religions)
James R. Lewis, Aidan A. Kelly (Garland
Publishing Inc., 22 Mar 1990) -
Neo-Pagan Witchcraft I (Cults and New Religions)
Aidan A. Kelly (Taylor &
Neo-Pagan Witchcraft II (Cults and New Religions)
- By Aidan
A. Kelly, J. Gordon Melton (Publisher:
& Francis, June
Cults and the Jewish Community: Representative Works of Anti-Cult
- By Aidan A. Kelly (Taylor
& Francis; Reprint edition, August 1990)
- ISBN-13: 978-0824044879
Crafting the Art of Magic, Book I: A History of Modern Witchcraft, 1939-1964 - By Aidan A. Kelly (Llewellyn Worldwide Ltd, June 1991) - ISBN: 9780875423708
New Age Almanac
- By Aidan A. Kelly; J.
Gordon Melton; Jerome Clark (Visible Ink Press, 1991)
Religious Holidays and Calendars: An Encyclopaedic Handbook - By Aidan Kelly, Peter Dresser, Linda M. Ross (Omnigraphics, March 1993) - ISBN-13: 978-1558883482
Thinking on the Edge: Essays by Members of the International Society for Philosophical Enquiry - By Richard A. Kapnick, Aidan A. Kelly (Agamemnon Press, June 1993) - ISBN-13: 978-1883322007
New Age Encyclopedia - By Aidan A. Kelly; J. Gordon Melton; Jerome Clark (Gale Group, 2005) - ISBN: 9780810376106
Inventing Witchcraft : A Case Study in the Creation of a New Religion - By Aidan A. Kelly (Thoth Publications (SCB Distributors) 2007) - ISBN: 9781870450584
grateful thanks to Aidan Kelly for all his help in compiling this brief
Triumph of the Moon
- Ronald Hutton
The Encyclopedia of Modern Witchcraft and Neo-paganism
- By Shelley Rabinovitch
down the Moon
- by Margot Adler
Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2006. ©
1993-2005 Microsoft Corporation.
Hutchinson Reference Library Copyright (c) 1996 Helicon Publishing and Penguin Books Ltd
Look Back in Controversy: A Samhain
Interview with Aidan Kelly (2006) http://www.widdershins.org/vol8iss5/01.htm
and Polemic: The Debate
over the Origins of Modern Pagan Witchcraft:
more websites, too many to mention.
wishes and Blessed Be
Site Contents - Links to all Pages
A Universal Message:
Let there be peace in the world - Where have all the flowers gone?
Wicca & Witchcraft
Wiccan Rede / Charge of the Goddess / Charge of the God / The Three-Fold Law (includes The Law of Power and The Four Powers of the Magus) / The Witches Chant / The Witches Creed / Descent of the Goddess / Drawing Down the Moon / The Great Rite Invocation / Invocation of the Horned God / The 13 Principles of Wiccan Belief / The Witches Rede of Chivalry / A Pledge to Pagan Spirituality
Traditions Part 1 - Alexandrian Wicca / Aquarian Tabernacle Church (ATC) / Ár Ndraíocht Féin (ADF) / Blue Star Wicca / British Traditional (Druidic Witchcraft) / Celtic Wicca / Ceremonial Magic / Chaos Magic / Church and School of Wicca / Circle Sanctuary / Covenant of the Goddess (COG) / Covenant of Unitarian Universalist Pagans (CUUPS) / Cyber Wicca / Dianic Wicca / Eclectic Wicca / Feri Wicca /
Traditions Part 2 - Gardnerian Wicca / Georgian Tradition / Henge of Keltria / Hereditary Witchcraft / Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn (H.O.G.D.) / Kitchen Witch (Hedge Witch) / Minoan Brotherhood and Minoan Sisterhood Tradition / Nordic Paganism / Pagan Federation / Pectic-Wita / Seax-Wica / Shamanism / Solitary / Strega / Sylvan Tradition / Vodoun or Voodoo / Witches League of Public Awareness (WLPA) /
Other things of interest:
Gods and Goddesses (Greek
Mythology) / Esbats &
Full Moons / Links
to Personal Friends & Resources / Wicca/Witchcraft
Resources / What's a spell? /
Circle Casting and
Sacred Space / Pentagram
- Pentacle / Marks
of a Witch / The Witches
Power / The Witches Hat
esoteric guide to visiting London / Satanism
Unitarian Universalist Association / Numerology: Part 1
/ Part 2 / Part
3 / A
history of the Malleus Maleficarum: includes: Pope
Innocent VIII /
papal Bull /
Malleus Maleficarum /
An extract from the Malleus Maleficarum
/ The letter of approbation
Nider’s Formicarius /
Heinrich Kramer /
/ Montague Summers /
/ The Albigenses
The Hussites / The
/ Shielding (Occult
and Psychic Protection) /
Sabbats and Rituals:
Sabbats in History and Mythology / Samhain (October 31st) / Yule (December 21st) / Imbolc (February 2nd) / Ostara (March 21st) / Beltane (April 30th) / Litha (June 21st) / Lughnasadh (August 1st) / Mabon (September 21st)
Animals in Witchcraft (The Witches Familiar) / Antelope / Bats / Crow / Fox / Frog and Toads / Goat / Honeybee / Kangaroo / Lion / Owl / Phoenix / Rabbits and Hares / Raven / Robin Redbreast / Sheep / Spider / Squirrel / Swans / Wild Boar / Wolf / Serpent / Pig / Stag / Horse / Mouse / Cat
In Worship of Trees - Myths, Lore and the Celtic Tree Calendar. For descriptions and correspondences of the thirteen sacred trees of Wicca/Witchcraft see the following: Birch / Rowan / Ash / Alder / Willow / Hawthorn / Oak / Holly / Hazel / Vine / Ivy / Reed / Elder. Also see: The Willow Tree (Folk Music)
Rocks and Stones:
Articles contributed by Patricia Jean Martin: / Apophyllite / Amber / Amethyst / Aquamarine / Aragonite / Aventurine / Black Tourmaline / Bloodstone / Calcite / Carnelian / Celestite / Citrine / Chrysanthemum Stone / Diamond / Emerald / Fluorite / Garnet / Hematite / Herkimer Diamond / Labradorite / Lapis Lazuli / Malachite / Moonstone / Obsidian / Opal / Pyrite / Quartz (Rock Crystal) / Rose Quartz / Ruby / Selenite / Seraphinite / Silver and Gold / Smoky Quartz / Sodalite / Sunstone / Thunderegg / Tree Agate / Zebra Marble
Articles and Stories about Witchcraft:
Murder by Witchcraft / The Fairy Witch of Clonmel / A Battleship, U-boat, and a Witch / The Troll-Tear (A story for Children) / Goody Hawkins - The Wise Goodwife / The Story of Jack-O-Lantern / The Murder of the Hammersmith Ghost / Josephine Gray (The Infamous Black Widow) / The Two Brothers - Light and Dark
Old Masters of Academia:
(Ancient, Past and Present)
(Departed Pagan Pioneers, Founders, Elders and Others)
Abramelin the Mage / Agrippa / Aidan A. Kelly / Albertus Magnus “Albert the Great” / Aleister Crowley “The Great Beast” / Alex Sanders "the King of the Witches” / Alison Harlow / Amber K / Anna Franklin / Anodea Judith / Anton Szandor LaVey / Arnold Crowther / Arthur Edward Waite / Austin Osman Spare / Biddy Early / Bridget Cleary / Carl Llewellyn Weschcke / Cecil Hugh Williamson / Charles Godfrey Leland / Charles Walton / Christina Oakley Harrington / Damh the Bard (Dave Smith) / Dion Fortune / Dolores Aschroft-Nowicki / Dorothy Morrison / Doreen Valiente / Edward Fitch / Eleanor Ray Bone “Matriarch of British Witchcraft” / Dr. John Dee and Edward Kelly / Dr. Leo Louis Martello / Eliphas Levi / Ernest Thompson Seton / Ernest Westlake and the Order of Woodcraft Chivalry / Fiona Horne / Friedrich von Spee / Francis Barrett / Gerald B. Gardner / Gavin and Yvonne Frost and the School and Church of Wicca / Gwydion Pendderwen / Hans Holzer / Helen Duncan / Herman Slater "Horrible Herman" / Israel Regardie / James "Cunning" Murrell / Janet Farrar & Gavin Bone / Jessie Wicker Bell “Lady Sheba” / John Belham-Payne / John George Hohman / John Gerard / John Gordon Hargrave (the White Fox) / John Michael Greer / John Score / Johannes Junius the Burgomaster of Bamberg / Joseph John Campbell / Karl von Eckartshausen / Laurie Cabot "the Official Witch of Salem" / Lewis Spence / Margaret Alice Murray / Margot Adler / Marie Laveau the " Voodoo Queen of New Orleans" / Marion Weinstein / Matthew Hopkins “The Witch-Finder General” / Max Ehrmann and the Desiderata / Monique Wilson the “Queen of the Witches” / Montague Summers / Nicholas Culpeper / Nicholas Remy / M. R. Sellers / Mrs. Grieve "A Modern Herbal" / Oberon and Morning Glory Zell-Ravenheart / Old Dorothy Clutterbuck / Old George Pickingill / Paddy Slade / Pamela Colman-Smith / Paracelsus / Patricia Crowther / Patricia Monaghan / Patricia “Trish” Telesco / Philip Emmons Isaac Bonewits / Philip Heselton / Raymond Buckland / Reginald Scot / Robert Cochrane / Robert ‘von Ranke’ Graves and "The White Goddess" /Rudolf Steiner / Rosaleen Norton “The Witch of Kings Cross” / Ross Nichols and The Order of Bards, Ovates & Druids / Sabrina - The Ink Witch / Scott Cunningham / Selena Fox / Silver Ravenwolf / Sir Francis Dashwood / Sir James George Frazer / S.L. MacGregor Mathers and the “Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn” / Starhawk / Stewart Farrar / Sybil Leek / Ted Andrews / The Mather Family - includes: Richard Mather, Increase Mather, Cotton Mather / Thomas Ady / Vera Chapman / Victor Henry Anderson / Vivianne Crowley / Walter Brown Gibson / William Butler Yeats / Zsuzsanna Budapest
Many of the above biographies are brief and far from complete. If you know about any of these individuals and can help with aditional information, please cantact me privately at my email address below. Many thanks for reading :-)
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