and compiled by George Knowles
Harrington is a respected historian, researcher and academic
commentator on the history of Paganism and Witchcraft in the UK and Ireland.
A Wiccan High Priestess, she is a founding director of “Treadwell’s
Bookshop”, one of the UK’s premier Occult bookshops located in Bloomsbury,
America to an English father, a Geologist working for the United Nations, and American mother, an amateur Anthropologist, her parents were dedicated
to Third World economic development. As
a result, Christina was raised mainly in West Africa, were she recalls attending
her first religious ceremony at the age of five, that of a young girl’s
initiation rite in Northern Liberia. Later the family moved to Burma where she expeienced Buddhism,
and through the early 1970’s
lived in Chile during the turbulent rule of General Augusto Pinochet
At the age of
15 Christina returned to England to completed her formal education
at an American style
academy, a transition she refers to as “a severe culture shock
where they had strange tribes, like football teams, cheerleaders and computer
geeks.” She then entered University studying for a BSc degree in International Politics and
History. Her interest in Politics
was negligible however, and she spent most of her time reading Latin and
Medieval poetry, of which she was particularly fond of the American poet Walt
Whitman (1819-1892), and his “Leaves
of Grass” poetry.
Also at University and since her early 20s, Christina has been a pagan, but how did she find
paganism? During an interview she
has stated “I was heartened to discover Europe’s native
religious traditions”, and further
explained: “Well, I had always
had this ‘tree thing’, Walt Whitman and Leaves of Grass. I was a failed Buddhist, I liked to drink and smoke and
enjoyed sex too much for that, and a friend suggested I read a book on paganism.
I did and thought “Oh God, this is what I am!”
graduating University, Christina spent the next few years working in Corporate
business, before returning to study at University College London (UCL)
and there completing a PhD degree in Medieval History.
She then began a career in academia and throughout the 1990s was an
Assistant Professor (lecturer) in
Medieval and Theological History at the University of Surrey.
During the course of her tenure, Christina received a sponsored ‘University Research Fellowship’ from Queens
University, Belfast, the result of which was the publication of a book in 2002 entitled
“Women in a Celtic Church” (*for a review see below).
While Christina loved her work teaching at the University of Surrey, with growing academic interest in the ‘History of Paganism’ inspired by books and scholarly works from the likes of Aidan A. Kelly in America, and Ronald Hutton (Professor of History at Bristol University) here in the UK, she began seeking a place where she could develop and advance such academic interest. To this end she founded and opened “Treadwell’s Bookshop” in 2003.
Bookshop at 34 Tavistock St, Covent Garden, London.
A traditional old style bookshop specialising in Occult, Magick and Pagan literature, Treadwell’s also stocked the usual magickal accessories of wands, herbal potions, tarot cards and incense. Under Christina’s guidance however, Treadwell’s became more than just a bookshop, for it has and evolved into a cultural centre focused on building bridges between the esoteric community and the wider worlds of academia. It is now a place where people with an interest in the Occult, Paganism and Witchcraft can comfortably meet and exchange ideas.
contacts in academic circles Christina regularly invites speakers from nearby
Oxford and Cambridge Universities to talk on specialized subjects, as
well as prominent authors and
practitionors from the wider Pagan community to share their knowledge and
experience with interested audiences.
Today the shop is host to numerous evenings and weekend talks,
lectures and classes covering all manner of esoteric subjects.
Her mission statement when
starting the shop was: “To
provide a place for people who have a Spiritual, Occult or Pagan interest, a
place that can link the Pagan and Occult world to the world of Literature, Art,
and Philosophy”, and this she has achieved in abundance.
Aside from running the bookshop, as a Wiccan Priestess
Christina conducts open rituals in Central London, serves on the central
committee of the Pagan Federation UK, and is currently an editor of its magazine
“The Pagan Dawn”. She is also
co-editor with Rob Ansell of “Abraxas:
A Journal of Esoteric Studies”.
Well known to the media as a spokesperson on Paganism and Witchcraft,
Christina was featured in the documentary film “Celtic
Legends”, and has appeared on the “Richard and Judy” television talk show
in the UK. She has also given
interviews to the BBC World Service,
Radio 4 and 5, and Resonance
Radio, and been mentioned in such national newspapers and
magazines as Stern, Marie
Claire, Time Out
and Women’s Weekly.
She is also a frequent guest speaker at national
and international academic conferences.
at a time when small bookshops are failing due to the popularity of the
internet, and when those still running are struggling to survive, Treadwell’s
bookshop is expanding. At the start
of 2011 the shop was relocated to larger premises at 33
Store Street, Bloomsbury, London WC1.
the new shop at 33 Store Street, Bloomsbury, London WCI.
Christina, “Treadwell’s had to expand and relocate from its old premises
in Covent Garden. The spiritual
centre of London is the old British Library in the heart of the British Museum.
There is a tradition for people going to Bloomsbury looking for
knowledge, for inspiration - both artistic and creative - and it is here where
people look for others who might share their desire for intellectual freedom.
I aspire to carry on that tradition.”
“Women in a Celtic Church”
A history of women in the early Irish church has never before been written, despite perennial interest in the early Christianity of Celtic areas, and indeed the increasing interest in gender and spirituality generally. This book covers the development of women's religious professions in the primitive church in St Patrick's era and the development of large women's monasteries such as Kildare, Clonbroney, Cloonburren, and Killeedy. It traces its subject through the heyday of the seventh century, through the Viking era, and the Culdee reforms, to the era of the Europeanization of the twelfth century. The place of women and their establishments is considered against the wider Irish background and compared with female religiosity elsewhere in early medieval Europe. The author demonstrates that while Ireland was distinct it was still very much part of the wider world of Western Christendom, and it must be appreciated as such. Grounded in the primary material of the period the book places in the foreground many largely unknown Irish texts in order to bring them to the attention of scholars in related fields. Throughout the study the author notes widespread ideas about Celtic women, pagan priestesses, and Saint Brigit, considering how these perceptions came about in light of the texts and historiographical traditions of the previous centuries.
The Book of English Magic” by Phillip Carr Gomm and Richard Heygate
Plus others to many too mention.
Best wishes and Blessed Be
Site Contents - Links to all Pages
A Universal Message:
Let there be peace in the world - Where have all the flowers gone?
Wicca & Witchcraft
Wiccan Rede / Charge of the Goddess / Charge of the God / The Three-Fold Law (includes The Law of Power and The Four Powers of the Magus) / The Witches Chant / The Witches Creed / Descent of the Goddess / Drawing Down the Moon / The Great Rite Invocation / Invocation of the Horned God / The 13 Principles of Wiccan Belief / The Witches Rede of Chivalry / A Pledge to Pagan Spirituality
Traditions Part 1 - Alexandrian Wicca / Aquarian Tabernacle Church (ATC) / Ár Ndraíocht Féin (ADF) / Blue Star Wicca / British Traditional (Druidic Witchcraft) / Celtic Wicca / Ceremonial Magic / Chaos Magic / Church and School of Wicca / Circle Sanctuary / Covenant of the Goddess (COG) / Covenant of Unitarian Universalist Pagans (CUUPS) / Cyber Wicca / Dianic Wicca / Eclectic Wicca / Feri Wicca /
Traditions Part 2 - Gardnerian Wicca / Georgian Tradition / Henge of Keltria / Hereditary Witchcraft / Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn (H.O.G.D.) / Kitchen Witch (Hedge Witch) / Minoan Brotherhood and Minoan Sisterhood Tradition / Nordic Paganism / Pagan Federation / Pectic-Wita / Seax-Wica / Shamanism / Solitary / Strega / Sylvan Tradition / Vodoun or Voodoo / Witches League of Public Awareness (WLPA) /
Other things of interest:
Gods and Goddesses (Greek
Mythology) / Esbats &
Full Moons / Links
to Personal Friends & Resources / Wicca/Witchcraft
Resources / What's a spell? /
Circle Casting and
Sacred Space / Pentagram
- Pentacle / Marks
of a Witch / The Witches
Power / The Witches Hat
esoteric guide to visiting London / Satanism
Unitarian Universalist Association / Numerology: Part 1
/ Part 2 / Part
3 / A
history of the Malleus Maleficarum: includes: Pope
Innocent VIII /
papal Bull /
Malleus Maleficarum /
An extract from the Malleus Maleficarum
/ The letter of approbation
Nider’s Formicarius /
Heinrich Kramer /
/ Montague Summers /
/ The Albigenses
The Hussites / The
/ Shielding (Occult
and Psychic Protection) /
Sabbats and Rituals:
Sabbats in History and Mythology / Samhain (October 31st) / Yule (December 21st) / Imbolc (February 2nd) / Ostara (March 21st) / Beltane (April 30th) / Litha (June 21st) / Lughnasadh (August 1st) / Mabon (September 21st)
Animals in Witchcraft (The Witches Familiar) / Antelope / Bats / Crow / Fox / Frog and Toads / Goat / Honeybee / Kangaroo / Lion / Owl / Phoenix / Rabbits and Hares / Raven / Robin Redbreast / Sheep / Spider / Squirrel / Swans / Unicorn / Wild Boar / Wolf / Serpent / Pig / Stag / Horse / Mouse / Cat
In Worship of Trees - Myths, Lore and the Celtic Tree Calendar. For descriptions and correspondences of the thirteen sacred trees of Wicca/Witchcraft see the following: Birch / Rowan / Ash / Alder / Willow / Hawthorn / Oak / Holly / Hazel / Vine / Ivy / Reed / Elder. Also see: The Willow Tree (Folk Music)
Rocks and Stones:
Articles contributed by Patricia Jean Martin: / Apophyllite / Amber / Amethyst / Aquamarine / Aragonite / Aventurine / Black Tourmaline / Bloodstone / Calcite / Carnelian / Celestite / Citrine / Chrysanthemum Stone / Diamond / Emerald / Fluorite / Garnet / Hematite / Herkimer Diamond / Labradorite / Lapis Lazuli / Malachite / Moonstone / Obsidian / Opal / Pyrite / Quartz (Rock Crystal) / Rose Quartz / Ruby / Selenite / Seraphinite / Silver and Gold / Smoky Quartz / Sodalite / Sunstone / Thunderegg / Tree Agate / Zebra Marble
Articles and Stories about Witchcraft:
Murder by Witchcraft / The Fairy Witch of Clonmel / A Battleship, U-boat, and a Witch / The Troll-Tear (A story for Children) / Goody Hawkins - The Wise Goodwife / The Story of Jack-O-Lantern / The Murder of the Hammersmith Ghost / Josephine Gray (The Infamous Black Widow) / The Two Brothers - Light and Dark
Old Masters of Academia:
(Ancient, Past and Present)
(Departed Pagan Pioneers, Founders, Elders and Others)
Abramelin the Mage / Agrippa / Aidan A. Kelly / Albertus Magnus “Albert the Great” / Aleister Crowley “The Great Beast” / Alex Sanders "the King of the Witches” / Alison Harlow / Amber K / Anna Franklin / Anodea Judith / Anton Szandor LaVey / Arnold Crowther / Arthur Edward Waite / Austin Osman Spare / Biddy Early / Bridget Cleary / Carl Llewellyn Weschcke / Cecil Hugh Williamson / Charles Godfrey Leland / Charles Walton / Christina Oakley Harrington / Damh the Bard (Dave Smith) / Dion Fortune / Dolores Aschroft-Nowicki / Dorothy Morrison / Doreen Valiente / Edward Fitch / Eleanor Ray Bone “Matriarch of British Witchcraft” / Dr. John Dee and Edward Kelly / Dr. Leo Louis Martello / Eliphas Levi / Ernest Thompson Seton / Ernest Westlake and the Order of Woodcraft Chivalry / Fiona Horne / Friedrich von Spee / Francis Barrett / Gerald B. Gardner / Gavin and Yvonne Frost and the School and Church of Wicca / Gwydion Pendderwen / Hans Holzer / Helen Duncan / Herman Slater "Horrible Herman" / Israel Regardie / James "Cunning" Murrell / Janet Farrar & Gavin Bone / Jessie Wicker Bell “Lady Sheba” / John Belham-Payne / John George Hohman / John Gerard / John Gordon Hargrave (the White Fox) / John Michael Greer / John Score / Johannes Junius the Burgomaster of Bamberg / Joseph John Campbell / Karl von Eckartshausen / Laurie Cabot "the Official Witch of Salem" / Lewis Spence / Margaret Alice Murray / Margot Adler / Marie Laveau the " Voodoo Queen of New Orleans" / Marion Weinstein / Matthew Hopkins “The Witch-Finder General” / Max Ehrmann and the Desiderata / Monique Wilson the “Queen of the Witches” / Montague Summers / Nicholas Culpeper / Nicholas Remy / M. R. Sellers / Mrs. Grieve "A Modern Herbal" / Oberon and Morning Glory Zell-Ravenheart / Old Dorothy Clutterbuck / Old George Pickingill / Paddy Slade / Pamela Colman-Smith / Paracelsus / Patricia Crowther / Patricia Monaghan / Patricia “Trish” Telesco / Philip Emmons Isaac Bonewits / Philip Heselton / Raymond Buckland / Reginald Scot / Robert Cochrane / Robert ‘von Ranke’ Graves and "The White Goddess" /Rudolf Steiner / Rosaleen Norton “The Witch of Kings Cross” / Ross Nichols and The Order of Bards, Ovates & Druids / Sabrina - The Ink Witch / Scott Cunningham / Selena Fox / Silver Ravenwolf / Sir Francis Dashwood / Sir James George Frazer / S.L. MacGregor Mathers and the “Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn” / Starhawk / Stewart Farrar / Sybil Leek / Ted Andrews / The Mather Family - includes: Richard Mather, Increase Mather, Cotton Mather / Thomas Ady / Vera Chapman / Victor Henry Anderson / Vivianne Crowley / Walter Brown Gibson / William Butler Yeats / Zsuzsanna Budapest
Many of the above biographies are brief and far from complete. If you know about any of these individuals and can help with aditional information, please cantact me privately at my email address below. Many thanks for reading :-)
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