Written and compiled by - Patricia Jean Martin
is a form of Quartz, the most common form of rock in the Earth's crust.
Specifically, geologists classify Carnelian as a Chalcedony; a member of
the cryptycrystalline or microcrystalline group within the Quartz family.
Cryptocrystalline crystals are too small to be seen, even with a
the same chemical make up as Agate, when Carnelian grades into brown it is known
as Sard. When it contains bands of white, it is known as Sardonyx.
In addition, some very dark brown Carnelian can be classified as Jasper.
The distinction between these is very fine and relies more on visual
appearance than scientific analysis. As
a result, it is very possible that one man's Carnelian may be another man's Sard,
Agate or Jasper. Chemically,
Carnelian is composed of Silicon Dioxide, SiO2, and gets its red color from
Hematite (Iron-Oxide, FeO2) impurities. Many
Carnelians offered today are Agates which are dyed and then heat treated.
Natural Carnelian will usually exhibit a cloudy distribution of color.
name Carnelian heralds from the Latin word "carnis" and translates to
"flesh," probably noted as one of the many shades of the stone.
Another name for Carnelian was Cornelian, most likely derived from the
Latin word "cornum" meaning "cherry".
Carnelian's translucent color ranges from yellow-orange to reddish-brown
to a deep red, and is enhanced by exposure to the sun.
in the cavities of many forms of rock, Carnelian most often develops from the
silica-rich soils which solidified at low temperatures.
It typically forms in nodules, cone-shaped masses or groups of
stalactites which radiate outward from a central axis.
India has some of the oldest Carnelian deposits, especially around
Bengal, Deccan and Ratnapur. Indian
Carnelian is most often a very strong reddish-brown color.
SiO2 (Silicon Dioxide). Chalcedony, a variety of Quartz, with FeO2
Translucent yellow-orange to reddish-brown.
System: Trigonal; Tetrahedral.
Characteristics: Can be fibrous in appearance.
Occurrences: India, Brazil, Arabia.
Field Indicators: Crystal habit, color and hardness.
Ornamental. Gem stone.
sources report that Carnelian be a powerful activator to the second Chakra,
called the Sacral Chakra, which relates to a sense of Self... along with the
five senses, creativity, reproduction, sexuality and self-gratification.
were used in Ancient Egyptian magick as protection for both the living and the
dead. A Carnelian in the form of
the "tjet," symbol of Mother Isis, was placed on the neck of a mummy
to ensure the protection, safe passage, and rebirth of the spirit in the
afterlife. Another Carnelian amulet
was the Eye of Horus, which is still believed to offer protection against the
evil eye. In Roman times, Carnelian
was engraved with the head of a lion or a great leader.
uses of Carnelian include using it as a focus for past life work and for finding
a "twin soul" or family. It
is good for all love and sex rites, especially to rekindle or increase passion
that has begun to fade. Fire magick
is also more effective if you circle a red candle with several Carnelians.
Carnelian can improve analytical abilities and can clarify perception.
It removes extraneous thoughts during meditation and sharpens
concentration. Emotionally, this
stone is a powerful protector against envy, rage and esentment...yours or other
people's. It calms anger and
banishes negativity, replacing it with a love of life.
is a talisman,
brings good luck to child and man;
resting on an onyx ground,
sacred kiss imprint when found.
drives away all evil things;
thee and thine protection brings.
name of Allah, king of kings,
graven on this stone, indeed,
move to love and doughty need.
such a gem a woman gains
Sweet hope and comfort in her pains".
and charge Carnelian with sunlight. They
can be used to dispel negativity from other crystals and stones.
is associated with the Zodiac sign of Virgo, but has also been associated with
Taurus, Cancer and Leo. Under the
Hebrew, Roman and Arabic birthstones it is also known as an alternate for
August; Peridot being the traditional.
Sign(s): Taurus, Aries, Cancer & Leo.
Fire & Earth
Chakra (though known to work from Root, and above Sacral to Solar Plexus and
confidence and personal power.
warmth and expression of feelings.
curiosity and analytical precision.
rage, anger, or envy.
sorry and depression.
reincarnation and past life recall.
ambition and drive to career.
physical aid in treating: Blood
disorders. Kidneys, kidney stones, emotional disfunction, sexuality, physical
energy, reproductive system and infertility, menstrual problems, arthritis, gall
bladder, gall stones, pancreas, asthma, allergies.
Helps relieve lower back pain.
Stone therapy should NOT take the place of medical evaluation and
procedures, and should be used merely to enhance one's health and well-being.
own thoughts and experiences:
read somewhere that if you put a piece of Carnelian under your tongue, it would
make you speak with eloquence and precision.
Well, I tried it, and it didn't make me speak any more eloquently.
In fact, the most it did was to further jumble my words.. (maybe I should
have used a much smaller stone?..lol).. and the only other thing it afforded me
at that moment was some fun with my tongue twirling around the smooth, slippery,
cool stone I'd placed inside my mouth.
the experience though, something more useful came to me.
It led me to think of how it is much too easy for someone to take the
vast array of descriptive words assigned to each rock, crystal or stone, and to
think or hope for some totally different experience from what the stone will in
actuality do for you. For instance,
taking the word "communicative" or the phrase "helps one to
communicate better," as Carnelian is supposed to facilitate. That word or phrase is left open to blanket interpretations.
To one, it may mean to speak one's mind out loud.
To another, it may mean to express oneself better through dance.
And to another it may signify communication through prose...or perhaps
art or music.
I found that none of the above modes of communication came to me through the
power of Carnelian. What did come
to me, though, was action. Carnelian
helps you to communicate bodily..through movement and inuendo.
It makes you incorporate your motions into your everyday
practices...(well okay, it's not everyday that I put a stone in my mouth), and
will stimulate you to find alternate routes to the root.. (*by* perhaps putting
a stone in your mouth <g>). This
route-to-the-root method can and will take place through active and tactile
is a sensuality to Carnelian, and it does not hesitate to share that side of
itself with you. Its lightness in weight -- lighter than any of its other
close relatives -- will in turn lighten your emotional state, decrease stress,
and even repel anger, all allowing for a more creative and attraction (the art
of attracting) side of you to blossom.
bright orange color -- being at the same time both warm and vibrant -- is a
mixture of fiery, lusty, and heady passionate red intermingled within the
joyful, bright and stimulating offerings of yellow.
Because it is this seductive combination of these two primary colors
encapsulated in a cloudy nebula-like web inside the stone, it very readily
displays the heated suggestion that two may become one when they embrace.
Therein lies just one of the many sexuality-enhancing gifts of Carnelian.
in conclusion... In our quick and fast-paced world of instant everything, do
we often enough stop to think that there may be more than the one or two
interpretations that popped into the forefront of our minds through the
implication of this adjective or that? I'd
venture to say most often not. And
this is why I believe that it is best to perform an up-close and personal tête-à-tête
and touch with our crystal companions. And
if with them, why not with everything in our lives?
Thank you, Carnelian.
Crystal Bible" ~ Judy Hall
Is In the Earth" ~ Melody
© Patricia Martin
Best wishes and Blessed Be
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esoteric guide to visiting London / Satanism
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3 / A
history of the Malleus Maleficarum: includes: Pope
Innocent VIII /
papal Bull /
Malleus Maleficarum /
An extract from the Malleus Maleficarum
/ The letter of approbation
Nider’s Formicarius /
Heinrich Kramer /
/ Montague Summers /
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The Hussites / The
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Sabbats and Rituals:
Sabbats in History and Mythology / Samhain (October 31st) / Yule (December 21st) / Imbolc (February 2nd) / Ostara (March 21st) / Beltane (April 30th) / Litha (June 21st) / Lughnasadh (August 1st) / Mabon (September 21st)
Animals in Witchcraft (The Witches Familiar) / Antelope / Bats / Crow / Fox / Frog and Toads / Goat / Honeybee / Kangaroo / Lion / Owl / Phoenix / Rabbits and Hares / Raven / Robin Redbreast / Sheep / Spider / Squirrel / Swans / Unicorn / Wild Boar / Wolf / Serpent / Pig / Stag / Horse / Mouse / Cat
In Worship of Trees - Myths, Lore and the Celtic Tree Calendar. For descriptions and correspondences of the thirteen sacred trees of Wicca/Witchcraft see the following: Birch / Rowan / Ash / Alder / Willow / Hawthorn / Oak / Holly / Hazel / Vine / Ivy / Reed / Elder. Also see: The Willow Tree (Folk Music)
Rocks and Stones:
Articles contributed by Patricia Jean Martin: / Apophyllite / Amber / Amethyst / Aquamarine / Aragonite / Aventurine / Black Tourmaline / Bloodstone / Calcite / Carnelian / Celestite / Citrine / Chrysanthemum Stone / Diamond / Emerald / Fluorite / Garnet / Hematite / Herkimer Diamond / Labradorite / Lapis Lazuli / Malachite / Moonstone / Obsidian / Opal / Pyrite / Quartz (Rock Crystal) / Rose Quartz / Ruby / Selenite / Seraphinite / Silver and Gold / Smoky Quartz / Sodalite / Sunstone / Thunderegg / Tree Agate / Zebra Marble
Articles and Stories about Witchcraft:
Murder by Witchcraft / The Fairy Witch of Clonmel / A Battleship, U-boat, and a Witch / The Troll-Tear (A story for Children) / Goody Hawkins - The Wise Goodwife / The Story of Jack-O-Lantern / The Murder of the Hammersmith Ghost / Josephine Gray (The Infamous Black Widow) / The Two Brothers - Light and Dark
Old Masters of Academia:
(Ancient, Past and Present)
(Departed Pagan Pioneers, Founders, Elders and Others)
Abramelin the Mage / Agrippa / Aidan A. Kelly / Albertus Magnus “Albert the Great” / Aleister Crowley “The Great Beast” / Alex Sanders "the King of the Witches” / Alison Harlow / Amber K / Anna Franklin / Anodea Judith / Anton Szandor LaVey / Arnold Crowther / Arthur Edward Waite / Austin Osman Spare / Biddy Early / Bridget Cleary / Carl Llewellyn Weschcke / Cecil Hugh Williamson / Charles Godfrey Leland / Charles Walton / Christina Oakley Harrington / Damh the Bard (Dave Smith) / Dion Fortune / Dolores Aschroft-Nowicki / Dorothy Morrison / Doreen Valiente / Edward Fitch / Eleanor Ray Bone “Matriarch of British Witchcraft” / Dr. John Dee and Edward Kelly / Dr. Leo Louis Martello / Eliphas Levi / Ernest Thompson Seton / Ernest Westlake and the Order of Woodcraft Chivalry / Fiona Horne / Friedrich von Spee / Francis Barrett / Gerald B. Gardner / Gavin and Yvonne Frost and the School and Church of Wicca / Gwydion Pendderwen / Hans Holzer / Helen Duncan / Herman Slater "Horrible Herman" / Israel Regardie / James "Cunning" Murrell / Janet Farrar & Gavin Bone / Jessie Wicker Bell “Lady Sheba” / John Belham-Payne / John George Hohman / John Gerard / John Gordon Hargrave (the White Fox) / John Michael Greer / John Score / Johannes Junius the Burgomaster of Bamberg / Joseph John Campbell / Karl von Eckartshausen / Laurie Cabot "the Official Witch of Salem" / Lewis Spence / Margaret Alice Murray / Margot Adler / Marie Laveau the " Voodoo Queen of New Orleans" / Marion Weinstein / Matthew Hopkins “The Witch-Finder General” / Max Ehrmann and the Desiderata / Monique Wilson the “Queen of the Witches” / Montague Summers / Nicholas Culpeper / Nicholas Remy / M. R. Sellers / Mrs. Grieve "A Modern Herbal" / Oberon and Morning Glory Zell-Ravenheart / Old Dorothy Clutterbuck / Old George Pickingill / Paddy Slade / Pamela Colman-Smith / Paracelsus / Patricia Crowther / Patricia Monaghan / Patricia “Trish” Telesco / Philip Emmons Isaac Bonewits / Philip Heselton / Raymond Buckland / Reginald Scot / Robert Cochrane / Robert ‘von Ranke’ Graves and "The White Goddess" /Rudolf Steiner / Rosaleen Norton “The Witch of Kings Cross” / Ross Nichols and The Order of Bards, Ovates & Druids / Sabrina - The Ink Witch / Scott Cunningham / Selena Fox / Silver Ravenwolf / Sir Francis Dashwood / Sir James George Frazer / S.L. MacGregor Mathers and the “Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn” / Starhawk / Stewart Farrar / Sybil Leek / Ted Andrews / The Mather Family - includes: Richard Mather, Increase Mather, Cotton Mather / Thomas Ady / Vera Chapman / Victor Henry Anderson / Vivianne Crowley / Walter Brown Gibson / William Butler Yeats / Zsuzsanna Budapest
Many of the above biographies are brief and far from complete. If you know about any of these individuals and can help with aditional information, please cantact me privately at my email address below. Many thanks for reading :-)
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