Merry we meet - Merry we meet - Merry we meet
Pagan Pioneers: Founders, Elders, Leaders and Others
Written and compiled by George Knowles
Margaret St. Clair was an American science fiction writer
and novelist who wrote using the pseudonyms Idris Seabright and Wilton Hazzard.
Initially writing short detective stories for popular pulp magazines
during the 1940’s, St. Clair also penned nine science fiction novels, the most
popular being the “Sign of the Labrys”, which had an early influence
on American contemporary Wicca/Witchcraft and Paganism.
Margaret St. Clair was born Eva Margaret Neeley in
Hutchinson, Kansas, on the 17th February 1911.
She was the second child born to George Arthur Neeley, a Kansas lawyer
and politician, and Elvira “Eva” Margaret Hostetter, a Kansas schoolteacher.
The Neeley’s first-born child was George Newland Neeley, but sadly he
only survived for 29 months (05th August 1905 – 22nd
December 1907), cause of death is unknown.
Just a year after her own birth, her father served two terms as a
Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1912-1915).
Raised as an only child in Kansas, Margaret later described her childhood
as being “a rather lonely and bookish one”.
George Arthur Neeley
On the 01st January 1919 Margaret’s father
died, but left his family fairly well provided for, which in turn allowed her
mother to afford her a decent education. At
about the same time as her father passed, she began reading science fiction,
beginning her life-long fascination with the genre. After finishing high school at the age of seventeen
(1928), she and her mother moved to California and there she enrolled at Berkeley
University to study the Classics. Graduating
in 1932, she remained in Berkeley where she met and
married her future long-time husband, the children’s author Raymond
Eric St. Clair. In 1934 she
earned a Master of Arts in Greek Classics.
The St. Clair’s lived a comfortable life in a large house with an
extensive library up in the hills with panoramic views over Richmond,
California, and their Margaret enjoyed gardening and breeding dachshund puppies.
Eric St. Clair was
born on the 30th July 1903 in Upland, California.
Eight years older than his wife he had worked variously as a
statistician, social worker, horticulturist, shop fitter and a laboratory
assistant in the Berkeley University Physics Department; he also published
numerous short stories and magazine articles and was perhaps the leading
American writer of children’s stories about “Bears”, selling close to 100
of them. Sadly
Eric St. Clair passed away on the 10th March 1986 in Mendocino
writing in 1945, and in 1946 had her
first science fiction story “Rocket to Limbo” published in the
magazine Fantastic Adventures. From
then on she began publishing in a variety of magazines, including Thrilling
Adventure Stories and Startling Stories amongst others.
Sometimes she wrote using the pseudonyms Idris Seabright and Wilton
most creative short story period was during the 1950s, when she wrote such
acclaimed stories as “The Man Who Sold Rope to the Gnoles” (1951),
“Brightness Falls from the Air” (1951), “An Egg a Month from All
Over” (1952) and “Horrer Howce” (1956).
Margaret drew on her education in the Classics and her knowledge of Greek myths,
as in “Mrs. Hawk” (1950), a modern update of the Circe myth, and “The
Bird” (1951), about a modern man’s fateful encounter with the mythical
phoenix, also “The Goddess on the Street Corner” (1953), in which a
down-on-his-luck wino meets an equally vulnerable Aphrodite.
Three of her short stories were later adapted for television.
“Mrs. Hawk” was filmed as “The Remarkable Mrs. Hawk”
for a 1961 Thriller with Jo Van Fleet in the title role.
“The Boy Who Predicted Earthquakes” (1950) and “Brenda”
(1954) were filmed as segments of the 1971 season of Rod Serling’s Night
Jo Van Fleet as The Remarkable Mrs. Hawk
- Rod Serling - American TV
Margaret is later quoted as saying:
“I first tried my hand at detective and mystery stories before
finding my niche writing fantasy and science fiction for pulp magazines.
Unlike most pulp writers, I had no special ambitions to make the pages of
the slick magazines. I feel that
the pulps at their best touch a genuine folk tradition and
bookhave a balladic quality which the slicks lack.” She largely stopped writing
short stories in the late 1950s (which by her own count then totalled over 130)
to concentrate on writing novels.
forth novel - “Sign of the Labrys”
and 1973 Margaret authored nine novels.
One of her most highly regarded novels the “Sign of the Labrys”
(initially published by Corgi in 1963) was notable for its early use of Wicca
elements in fiction. Based on post-apocalyptic
events that take place 10 years after 90%
of humanity, animals and natural plant life had been wiped out as
a result of toxic yeast released from a government research station.
Those that survive the resulting plague live in large underground
complexes initially built to withstand a nuclear war that never came.
As society breaks down
and all government control is lost the main character of the book, a 25-year-old
Sam Sewell appears. Sewell lives
alone near the top of a multilevel subterranean cave complex
along with thousands of other people (but since the plague most survivors can't
stand being in close proximity to others and steer clear of each other), he only
ventures to the surface to help dispose of dead bodies.
One day he returns home to find a mystical ring and a note from someone
called Despoina, believed to be the High Priestess of an old Witch Cult living
in the lower levels of the cave complex. He
soon finds that other people are interested in him when he sees the sign of a
Labrys (a double-headed fighting axe) on the cave walls, and mysterious figures
begin whispering “Blessed be” out to him from the darkness.
He then receives a visit from an agent of the FBY (Federal Bureau of
Yeasts? a menacing government agency that believes Despoina may have the
ability to cure not just the lingering plague, but also to right the dysfunction
it has brought on society).
Sam therefore embarks on a journey into the lower levels of the cave
complex in efforts to locate her and determine the truth.
On his way down to the next level of the complex, he encounters a mycologist named Kyra doing research on what remains of government laboratories in her sector. Kyra is also a practising Witch and begins to teach Sam some of the alleged powers of witchcraft. Through the use of mirror gazing and narcotics, she is able to help him into a past life regression where he has visions of a past Pagan lifestyle dancing around a fire celebrating nature through a Goddess and God. She’s also able to lead him into the next level of the complex so to continue his journey. However, each successive level down becomes more dangerous and weird than the last as he encounters mad scientists, a herd of white rats and countless blind alleys filled with technological and human detritus. He also finds evidence of an older world, one that preserves the ancient teachings of Pagan Witchcraft. As he works his way through the complex, Sam finds himself not just seeking out Despoina, the High Priestess of the old Witch Cult, but also his own forgotten Pagan past that is the key to humanity’s future revival.
Margaret later wrote that the book was:
“primarily inspired by Gerald Gardner’s books on witchcraft.”
Her researches into witchcraft led her into a friendship with Raymond
Buckland, who three years after the book was published, in 1966 initiated both
the St Clair’s into contemporary Wicca then sweeping across America, Margaret
taking the craft name “Froniga” and Eric taking the craft name “Weyland”.
Buckland later described them as “absolutely wonderful people, very
warm and loving.”
B. Gardner -
In her rare autobiographical writings, Margaret reveals few
details of her personal life, but interviews with some of those who knew her
indicate that she and her husband were well travelled (including a trip to China
after their marriage) and were regular members of local nudist colonies.
They had remained childless by choice.
Margaret St. Clair survived her husband by several years.
A lifelong supporter of the Quaker inspired “American Friends Service
Committee”, and had spent her final years living in a Friends House at 684
Benicia Dr, Santa Rosa, California, CA 95409, where
she died on the 22nd November 1995 at the age of eighty-four years.
The Margaret St. Clair Papers are archived at the University of
Short stories, to many to mention.
the Unknown (1956)
of Neith (1960)
Sign of the
Worlds of Futurity
from the Eocene (1964)
Dolphins of Altair
The Dancers of Noyo (1973)
Worlds of Futurity
Sky and Other Stories
The Best of
Margaret St. Clair
Partners in Wonder: Women
and the Birth of Science Fiction, 1926-1965
Eric Leif Davin (Lexington Books 2005).
First published on the
09th August 2020 ©
Best wishes and Blessed Be
Site Contents - Links to all Pages
A Universal Message:
Let there be peace in the world - Where have all the flowers gone?
My Personal Page / My Place in England / My Family Tree (Ancestry)
Wicca & Witchcraft
Wicca/Witchcraft / What is Wicca / What is Magick
The Wiccan Rede / Charge of the Goddess / Charge of the God / The Three-Fold Law (includes The Law of Power and The Four Powers of the Magus) / The Witches Chant / The Witches Creed / Descent of the Goddess / Drawing Down the Moon / The Great Rite Invocation / Invocation of the Horned God / The 13 Principles of Wiccan Belief / The Witches Rede of Chivalry / A Pledge to Pagan Spirituality
Incense / Candles / Colours / Magickal Days / Stones and Gems / Elements and Elementals
Traditions Part 1 - Alexandrian Wicca / Aquarian Tabernacle Church (ATC) / Ár Ndraíocht Féin (ADF) / Blue Star Wicca / British Traditional (Druidic Witchcraft) / Celtic Wicca / Ceremonial Magic / Chaos Magic / Church and School of Wicca / Circle Sanctuary / Covenant of the Goddess (COG) / Covenant of Unitarian Universalist Pagans (CUUPS) / Cyber Wicca / Dianic Wicca / Eclectic Wicca / Feri Wicca /
Traditions Part 2 - Gardnerian Wicca / Georgian Tradition / Henge of Keltria / Hereditary Witchcraft / Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn (H.O.G.D.) / Kitchen Witch (Hedge Witch) / Minoan Brotherhood and Minoan Sisterhood Tradition / Nordic Paganism / Pagan Federation / Pectic-Wita / Seax-Wica / Shamanism / Solitary / Strega / Sylvan Tradition / Vodoun or Voodoo / Witches League of Public Awareness (WLPA) /
Other things of interest:
Gods and Goddesses (Greek
Mythology) / Esbats &
Full Moons / Links
to Personal Friends & Resources / Wicca/Witchcraft
Resources / What's a spell? /
Circle Casting and
Sacred Space / Pentagram
- Pentacle / Marks
of a Witch / The Witches
Power / The Witches Hat
esoteric guide to visiting London / Satanism
Unitarian Universalist Association / Numerology: Part 1
/ Part 2 / Part
3 / A
history of the Malleus Maleficarum: includes: Pope
Innocent VIII /
papal Bull /
Malleus Maleficarum /
An extract from the Malleus Maleficarum
/ The letter of approbation
Nider’s Formicarius /
Heinrich Kramer /
/ Montague Summers /
/ The Albigenses
The Hussites / The
Native American Sun Dance
/ Shielding (Occult
and Psychic Protection) /
History of Thanksgiving / Auras - Part
1 and Part 2 /
Valiente Witch” (A Book Review) /
The History of Thanksgiving / Auras - Part 1 and Part 2 / “Doreen Valiente Witch” (A Book Review) /
Sabbats and Festivals:
The Sabbats in History and Mythology / Samhain (October 31st) / Yule (December 21st) / Imbolc (February 2nd) / Ostara (March 21st) / Beltane (April 30th) / Litha (June 21st) / Lammas/Lughnasadh (August 1st) / Mabon (September 21st)
Rituals contributed by Crone:
Samhain / Yule / Imbolc / Ostara / Beltane / Litha / Lammas / Mabon
Tools of a Witch / The Besom (Broom) / Poppets and Dolls / Pendulums / Cauldron Magick / Mirror Gazing
Animals in Witchcraft (The Witches Familiar and Totem Animals) / Antelope / Bats / Crow / Fox / Frog and Toads / Goat / Honeybee / Kangaroo / Lion / Owl / Phoenix / Rabbits and Hares / Raven / Robin Redbreast / Sheep / Spider / Squirrel / Swans / Unicorn / Wild Boar / Wolf / Serpent / Pig / Stag / Horse / Mouse / Cat / Rats / Unicorn
In Worship of Trees - Myths, Lore and the Celtic Tree Calendar. For descriptions and correspondences of the thirteen sacred trees of Wicca/Witchcraft see the following: Birch / Rowan / Ash / Alder / Willow / Hawthorn / Oak / Holly / Hazel / Vine / Ivy / Reed / Elder
Mystical Sacred Sites - Stonehenge / Glastonbury Tor / Malta - The Hypogeum of Hal Saflieni / Avebury / Cerne Abbas - The Chalk Giant / Ireland - Newgrange /
Rocks and Stones:
Stones - History, Myths and Lore
Articles contributed by Patricia Jean Martin:
Apophyllite / Amber / Amethyst / Aquamarine / Aragonite / Aventurine / Black Tourmaline / Bloodstone / Calcite / Carnelian / Celestite / Citrine / Chrysanthemum Stone / Diamond / Emerald / Fluorite / Garnet / Hematite / Herkimer Diamond / Labradorite / Lapis Lazuli / Malachite / Moonstone / Obsidian / Opal / Pyrite / Quartz (Rock Crystal) / Rose Quartz / Ruby / Selenite / Seraphinite / Silver and Gold / Smoky Quartz / Sodalite / Sunstone / Thunderegg / Tree Agate / Zebra Marble
Wisdom and Inspiration:
Knowledge vs Wisdom by Ardriana Cahill / I Talk to the Trees / Awakening / The Witch in You / A Tale of the Woods / I have a Dream by Martin Luther King /
Articles and Stories about Witchcraft:
Murdered by Witchcraft / The Fairy Witch of Clonmel / A Battleship, U-boat, and a Witch / The Troll-Tear (A story for Children) / Goody Hawkins - The Wise Goodwife / The Story of Jack-O-Lantern / The Murder of the Hammersmith Ghost / Josephine Gray (The Infamous Black Widow) / The Two Brothers - Light and Dark
Old Masters of Academia:
Pliny the Elder / Hesiod / Pythagoras
A "Who's Who" of Witches, Pagans and other associated People
(Ancient, Past and Present)
(Departed Pagan Pioneers, Founders, Elders and Others)
Pioneers: Founders, Elders, Leaders and Others
Abramelin the Mage / Agrippa / Aidan A Kelly / Albertus Magnus - “Albert the Great” / Aleister Crowley - “The Great Beast” / Alex Sanders - “King of the Witches” / Alison Harlow / Allan Bennett - the Ven. Ananda Metteyya / Allan Kardec (Spiritism) / Alphonsus de Spina / Amber K / Ann Moura / Anna Franklin / Anodea Judith / Anton Szandor LaVey / Arnold Crowther / Arthur Edward Waite / Austin Osman Spare / Balthasar Bekker / Biddy Early / Barbara Vickers / Bridget Cleary - The Fairy Witch of Clonmel / Carl " Llewellyn" Weschcke / Cecil Hugh Williamson / Charles Godfrey Leland / Charles Walton / Christopher Penczak / Christina Oakley Harrington / Cornelius Loos / Damh the Bard - "Dave Smith" / Dion Fortune / Dolores Aschroft-Nowicki / Donald Michael Kraig / Doreen Valiente / Dorothy Morrison / Dr. John Dee & Edward Kelly / Dr. Leo Louis Martello / Edain McCoy / Edward Fitch / Eleanor Ray Bone - “Matriarch of British Witchcraft” / Eliphas Levi / Ernest Thompson Seton / Ernest Westlake / Fiona Horne / Frederick McLaren Adams - Feraferia / Friedrich von Spee / Francis Barrett / Gavin and Yvonne Frost and the School and Church of Wicca / Gerald B. Gardner - The father of contemporary Witchcraft / Gwydion Pendderwen / Hans Holzer / Helen Duncan / Herman Slater - Horrible Herman / Heinrich Kramer / Isaac Bonewits / Israel Regardie / Ivo Domínguez Jr. / Jack Whiteside Parsons - Rocket Science and Magick / James "Cunning" Murrell - The Master of Witches / Janet Farrar and Gavin Bone / Jean Bodin / Jessie Wicker Bell - “Lady Sheba” / Johann Weyer / Johannes Junius - "The Burgomaster of Bamberg" / Johann Georg Fuchs von Dornheim - the “Hexenbrenner” (witch burner) / John Belham-Payne / John George Hohman - "Pow-wow" / John Gerard / John Gordon Hargrave and the Kibbo Kith Kindred / John Michael Greer / John Score / Joseph “Bearwalker” Wilson / Joseph John Campbell / Karl von Eckartshausen / Lady Gwen Thompson - and "The Rede of the Wiccae" / Laurie Cabot - "the Official Witch of Salem" / Lewis Spence / Lodovico Maria Sinistrari / Ludwig Lavater / Madeline Montalban and the Order of the Morning Star / Margaret Alice Murray / Margot Adler / Michael Howard and the UK "Cauldron Magazine" / Margaret St. Clair - the “Sign of the Labrys” / Marie Laveau - " the Voodoo Queen of New Orleans" / Marion Weinstein / Martin Antoine Del Rio / Matthew Hopkins - “The Witch-Finder General” / Max Ehrmann and the "Desiderata" / Michael A. Aquino - and The Temple of Set / Monique Wilson / Montague Summers / Nicholas Culpeper / Nicholas Remy / M. R. Sellars / Mrs. Maud Grieve - "A Modern Herbal" / Oberon Zell-Ravenheart and Morning Glory / Old Dorothy Clutterbuck / Old George Pickingill / Olivia Durdin-Robertson - co-founder of the Fellowship of Isis / Paddy Slade / Pamela Colman-Smith / Paracelsus / Patricia Crowther / Patricia Monaghan / Patricia “Trish” Telesco / Paul Foster Case and the “Builders of the Adytum” mystery school / Peter Binsfeld / Philip Heselton / Raven Grimassi / Raymond Buckland / Reginald Scot / Richard Baxter / Robert Cochrane / Robert ‘von Ranke’ Graves and the "The White Goddess" / Rosaleen Norton - “The Witch of Kings Cross” / Rossell Hope Robbins / Ross Nichols and the " Order of Bards, Ovates & Druids" (OBOD) / Rudolf Steiner / Sabrina Underwood - "The Ink Witch" / Scott Cunningham / Selena Fox - founder of "Circle Sanctuary" / Silver Ravenwolf / Sir Francis Dashwood / Sir James George Frazer and the " The Golden Bough" / S.L. MacGregor Mathers and the “Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn” / Starhawk / Stewart Farrar / Sybil Leek / Ted Andrews / The Mather Family - (includes: Richard Mather, Increase Mather and Cotton Mather ) / Thomas Ady / T. Thorn Coyle / Vera Chapman / Victor & Cora Anderson and the " Feri Tradition" / Vivianne Crowley / Walter Brown Gibson / Walter Ernest Butler / William Butler Yeats / Zsuzsanna Budapest /
Many of the above biographies are briefs and far from complete. If you know about any of these individuals and can help with additional information, please contact me privately at my email address below. Many thanks for reading :-)
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