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Pagan Pioneers:  Founders, Elders, Leaders and Others


Anodea Judith



Written and compiled by George Knowles

Anodea Judith is an American author, spiritual teacher, poet, artist, songwriter and musician, an expert on the Chakra system, mind and body integration and somatic therapy, a Yoga therapist and a Reiki master.  She has a Master’s degree in Clinical Psychology from Rosebridge Graduate School of Integrative Therapy, a Doctorate in Health and Human Services from Columbia Pacific University, and has done additional doctoral work in Systems Theory at Saybrook Graduate School and Research Center.  She is a past president of the Church of All Worlds (CAW) and a founder of Sacred Centers, a school for the study of sacred principles and transformative arts. 

Born Judith Anne Mull on the 1st of December 1952 in Elyria, Ohio, she was the youngest and only daughter of three children, her middle brother is called David Mull while her eldest brother is the comedian Martin Mull.  Judith spent most of her formulative years on her grandmothers farm in Northern Ohio, and there gained an early appreciation for nature and animals.  In the late 1950’s her family relocated to Connecticut and Judith was enrolled at New Canaan High School to begin her formal education.  During her teens while studying mythology at school, Judith began to identify with various aspects of the Greek Goddesses, and this caused her to re-evaluate Christian dieties and research more into alternative religions. 

Judith was aided in this quest when her mother married for a second time to a devout Christian Scientist, who kindled her interests in healing.  Their belief is that all illness stems from the mind, and that the use of positive thinking techniques can perfect mind, body and spirit to effect cure.  This taught me how our consciousness can effect our reality, which is one of the foundational principles of magic”, she said.  Applying such techniques in high school, she quickly became known as the healer.  Christian Science as a religion however, had no appeal for Judith and she sought other systems in which to apply the same principles. 

In 1971 after completing high school, Judith enrolled at Clark University studying Psychology.  She had intended a career as an analyst/therapist, but then changed her mind in favour of Art.  She moved to California and took up studies at the College of Arts and Crafts in Oakland, with aditional courses at John F. Kennedy University.  After finnishing college she spent the next few years living and working out of an artists ‘attic studio’ in Berkeley, where she made a name for herself painting murals and cloudscapes on ceilings. 

In 1975 realising that health and consciousness were essential components to the quality of her artistic expression, she determined to transform her spiritual self.  She gave up smoking, turned vegetarian, became bisexual and started a on a serious study of yoga and mediation.  This led her onto a life long study of the Charka system, as well as Acupressure, Bioenergetics, Yoga, Gestalt therapy, Radical psychiatry, Ritual magic, Shamanism, Psychic readings and Alternative healing.  The results of her cumulative studies later lead to the publication of her first book:  Wheels of Life:  A User's Guide to the Chakra System (Llewellyn - 1987, revised 1999). 

As part of her studies Judith spent two months living alone in a tent atop of a California mountain, where a friend had given her a five-acre plot of land.  She describes him as “A crazy Israeli chemist, who disappeared after bequeathing it to me”.  She spent her time there becoming one with the elements, during which she felt and received direct teaching from the Goddess.  This caused her to re-think her name and change it to Anodea Judith (Anodea is an anagram of:  Ano - meaning year of or one of, and Dea – meaning the Goddess).  To Judith the meaning is clear - “One who serves the Goddess”). 

In 1977 Anodea met Oberon Zell-Ravenheart and his wife Morning Glory, founders of the Church of All Worlds (CAW) with whom she formed a long-term friendship.  Through them she met Gwydion Pendderwen, founder of Forever Forests and a co-founder with Alison Harlow of Nemeton.  Anodea and Pendderwen soon became lovers as she helped him develop the CAW sanctuary ‘Coeden Brith’, which was situated adjacent to his own 55-acre wilderness sanctuary ‘Annwfn’, located in Mendocino County, North California.


Oberon Zell  -  Morning Glory  -  Gwydion Pendderwen


In the early 1980’s Anodea married Phil Wayne, and in January 1982 bore him a son called Alex Wayne.  Later that same year, Gwydion Pendderwen died in a motor accident and bequeathed his land at Annwfn to CAW, naming Anodea as one of its five land stewards.  Anodea remained at Annwfn for a further 18 months, during which time she founded ‘Lifeways’ as a subsidiary and teaching arm of CAW in 1983.  After returning to Berkeley, Anodea met and formed another lasting friendship, this one with Marion Zimmer Bradley, the fantasy and science fiction author.  Later she joined the Aquarian Order of the Restoration and the Dark Moon Circle, both of which Bradley was a founder.  In 1984 her marriage to Phil Wayne came to an end and they divorced.



Marion Zimmer Bradley


In 1985 Anodea was ordained by CAW and for the following 10 years served them as a High Preistess, she also served them as President of CAW from 1986-1993.  In 1988 Anodea remarried, this time to a fellow pagan and High Priest of CAW, Richard Ely.  Ely is a professional geologist and had three children from a previous marriage; they now live together in Sonoma County, California.  A year later in 1989 Anodea received a Master’s degree in Clinical Psychology from Rosebridge Graduate School of Integrative Therapy.



Richard Ely


In 1993 together with a long time friend, co-author and fellow teacher Selene Vega, Anodea published her second book:  The Sevenfold Journey: Reclaiming Mind, Body, and Spirit through the Chakras.  Her third book followed in 1997:  Eastern Body, Western Mind: Psychology and the Chakra System as a Path to the Self.  In 1999 she received a Ph.D. in Health and Human Services from Columbia Pacific University.


Selene Vega


After the initial success of her first book the:  Wheels of Life in 1987, Anodea became a sought after teacher and speaker on the workshop circuit, presenting and lecturing at such well known events as the Starwood Festival and the WinterStar Symposium (*see additional information below).  However, due to the demands of her travelling workshops and other commitments, her active involvement with CAW gradually declined, although she still remains a member of the Church Clergy.  

Since then Anodea has spent the last 20 years working as a somatic psychotherapist, and now travels the world teaching through her own organization called “Sacred Centers”.  Through Sacred Centers, she also runs an intensive Certification Program training other teachers and therapists in the use of her work.   

Into the new millennium, as well writing books, she has ventured into the Audio/Video market and in March 2000 released a six-tape audio course called The Chakra System:  A Complete Course in Self-Diagnosis and Healing.  She followed this in 2004 with an award winning DVD, The Illuminated Chakras, co-created with her son, artist and animator Alex Wayne, and in 2006 produced a popular spiral-bound box set called Chakra Balancing. 

Also in 2006 she wrote a double award winning book called Waking the Global Heart:  Humanity’s Rite of Passage from the Love of Power to the Power of Love.  This is a book that charts human history as a developmental process, and argues that we are now undergoing our global initiation from cultural adolescence to adulthood, moving from the third Chakra of power to the fourth Chakra of love as a social organizing principle.  More books are planned for the future, she say’s. 




Wheels of Life : a User's Guide to the Chakra System (Llewellyn Worldwide - 1987)

The Sevenfold Journey : Reclaiming Mind, Body & Spirit Through the Chakras (with Selene Vega, Crossing Press - 1993)

Eastern Body, Western Mind : Psychology and the Chakra System as a Path to the Self (Celestial Arts - 1996)

Chakra Balancing Kit: A Guide to Healing and Awakening Your Energy Body - Workbook and cards (Sounds True - 2004)

Contact: The Yoga of Relationship (with Tara Lynda Guber, Insight Editions - 2006)

Waking the Global Heart: Humanity's Rite of Passage from the Love of Power to the Power of Love (Elite Books - 2006)





Wheels of Life: A Journey Through the Chakras  -  With Rick Hamouris (initially as a cassette - ACE/Llewellyn Collection, 1987.  Later released by same publisher on CD in 1992)

The Chakra System: A Complete Course in Self-Diagnosis and Healing (a six-CD series from Sounds True Audio Literature, Inc. 2000)

The Illuminated Chakras - A Visionary Voyage Into Your Inner Worlds (DVD - Sacred Centers 2004)

Chakra Balancing (a spiral-bound box set from Sounds True Inc. 2006)



*Additional Information:



The Starwood Festival


The Starwood Festival was a six-day Neo-Pagan, New Age and multi-cultural festival presented in mid-to late July.  Approximately 1,500 people attend including staff, speakers and entertainers.  The Starwood Festival is a camping event which holds workshops on a variety of subjects.  There are also live musical performances, rituals, bonfires, multimedia presentations and social activities.


The Starwood Festival was founded in 1981 by the Chameleon Club, a recognized student organization at Case Western Reserve University, which later founded the Association for Consciousness Exploration LLC (ACE).  It has been operated by ACE since 1983.  It features entertainment, public ceremonies, and classes on subjects such as sensory deprivation, Kirlian photography, Neo-Paganism, shamanism, Wicca, holistic health, Tarot, Thelema and past life regression.  Among the first guest speakers and entertainers were Jim Alan and Selena Fox (founders of Circle Sanctuary), Raymond Buckland, Lee Bryan Grotte (Foundation for Research in Medical Botany), and music by Chameleon and The Ancient Illuminated Seers of Bavaria.


The first Starwood was held July 24 - 26, 1981 at Cooper's Lake Campground, the same site as the Society for Creative Anachronism's Pennsic War, in Slippery Rock, PA.  From 1982 through 1985 it was held at Devil's Den Park in New Philadelphia, OH, a former state park run by Whispering Winds Nudist Camp.  In 1986 and 1987 it was held at Bear Creek Amphitheatre (part of Bear Creek Resort Ranch KOA) in Canton, OH, and at Echo Hills Ski Resort in Logan, OH (on the Buckeye Trail) in 1988 and 1989.  The event moved to Brushwood Folklore Center, a private campground near Sherman, New York in 1990, where it has remained to this day.


The event began as a weekend festival, and grew over the years to a six-day event.  Attendance has grown from 185 in the first year to peak at around 1800 people in 2002, and has stayed between 1400 and 1600 since then.  Since 1982, Starwood has been a clothing optional event, but skyclad attendance is common.



The WinterStar Symposium


The WinterStar Symposium was a four-day annual event produced by the Association for Consciousness Exploration (A.C.E.).  The subject matter is similar to that of the Starwood Festival but the activities are scaled to an indoor venue.  Classes are held during the day with musical performances, multi-media presentations and ceremonies in the evening.  The speakers often participate in a panel discussion as the last activity on the program.  Unlike Starwood, events are structured and focused around a particular theme each year.


Approximately twenty classes on an eclectic variety of subjects are offered.  Recently, these have included:  trance drumming, Yoga, massage, Reiki, Qi Gong, Celtic trancework, acting as magick, sexuality and astral projection among others.  Subjects that are explored include:  spirituality & culture, Wicca, Neo-Pagan community, holistic health, movement systems, music, fringe science, mind studies and the environment.  This is primarily an adult event with neither day-care nor youth programming provided.


The WinterStar Symposium was first held February 9-12, 1984.  Originally called the WinterStar VisionQuest Symposium, it was held at Burr Oak State Park in Glouster, OH.  It featured Jim Alan and Selena Fox (founders of Circle Sanctuary) and Robert Anton Wilson as headline speakers.  Since then it has been held at Atwood Lake Resort in Dellroy, Ohio.



My grateful thanks to Anodea Judith for her added information.

The Encyclopedia of Witches &Witchcraft  - by Rosemary Ellen Guiley.

The Witch Book - By Raymond Buckland



First published on the 16th March 2007, updated 26th December 2009 © George Knowles


Best wishes and Blessed Be



Site Contents - Links to all Pages


Home Page


A Universal Message:


Let there be peace in the world  -   Where have all the flowers gone?


About me:

My Personal PageMy Place in England / My Family Tree (Ancestry)


Wicca & Witchcraft


Wicca/Witchcraft /  What is Wicca What is Magick


Traditional Writings:


The Wiccan Rede Charge of the Goddess Charge of the God  /  The Three-Fold Law (includes The Law of Power and The Four Powers of the Magus) /  The Witches Chant The Witches Creed Descent of the Goddess Drawing Down the Moon The Great Rite Invocation Invocation of the Horned GodThe 13 Principles of Wiccan Belief /  The Witches Rede of Chivalry A Pledge to Pagan Spirituality


Correspondence Tables:


IncenseCandlesColours Magickal Days Stones and Gems Elements and Elementals




Traditions Part 1  -  Alexandrian Wicca /  Aquarian Tabernacle Church (ATC) /  Ár Ndraíocht Féin (ADF) /  Blue Star Wicca /  British Traditional (Druidic Witchcraft) /  Celtic Wicca /  Ceremonial Magic /  Chaos Magic /  Church and School of Wicca /  Circle Sanctuary /  Covenant of the Goddess (COG) /  Covenant of Unitarian Universalist Pagans (CUUPS) /  Cyber Wicca /  Dianic Wicca /  Eclectic Wicca /  Feri Wicca /


Traditions Part 2 Gardnerian Wicca /  Georgian Tradition /  Henge of Keltria /  Hereditary Witchcraft /  Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn (H.O.G.D.) /  Kitchen Witch (Hedge Witch) /  Minoan Brotherhood and Minoan Sisterhood Tradition /  Nordic Paganism /  Pagan Federation /  Pectic-Wita /  Seax-Wica /  Shamanism /  Solitary /  Strega /  Sylvan Tradition /  Vodoun or Voodoo /  Witches League of Public Awareness (WLPA) /


Other things of interest:


Gods and Goddesses (Greek Mythology) /  Esbats & Full Moons Links to Personal Friends & Resources Wicca/Witchcraft Resources What's a spell? Circle Casting and Sacred Space  Pentagram - Pentacle Marks of a Witch The Witches Power The Witches Hat An esoteric guide to visiting London SatanismPow-wowThe Unitarian Universalist Association /  Numerology:  Part 1  Part 2  /  Part 3A history of the Malleus Maleficarum:  includes:  Pope Innocent VIII  /  The papal Bull  /   The Malleus Maleficarum  /  An extract from the Malleus Maleficarum  /  The letter of approbation  /  Johann Nider’s Formicarius  /  Jacob Sprenger  /  Heinrich Kramer  /  Stefano Infessura  /  Montague Summers  /  The Waldenses  /  The Albigenses  /  The Hussites /  The Native American Sun DanceShielding (Occult and Psychic Protection)  The History of ThanksgivingAuras  - Part 1 and Part 2 Doreen Valiente Witch” (A Book Review) /  Max Ehrmann and the "Desiderata" /    


Sabbats and Festivals:


The Sabbats in History and Mythology /  Samhain (October 31st)  /  Yule (December 21st)  /  Imbolc (February 2nd)  /  Ostara (March 21st)  /  Beltane (April 30th)  /  Litha (June 21st)  /  Lammas/Lughnasadh (August 1st)  /  Mabon (September 21st)


Rituals contributed by Crone:


Samhain / Yule Imbolc Ostara /  Beltane Litha Lammas Mabon




Tools of a Witch  /  The Besom (Broom) /  Poppets and DollsPendulums / Cauldron Magick Mirror Gazing




Animals in Witchcraft (The Witches Familiar and Totem Animals) /  AntelopeBatsCrow Fox Frog and Toads Goat / HoneybeeKangarooLion OwlPhoenix Rabbits and HaresRaven Robin RedbreastSheep Spider SquirrelSwansUnicornWild Boar Wolf /  Serpent /  Pig /  Stag /  Horse /  Mouse /  Cat /  Rats /  Unicorn




In Worship of Trees - Myths, Lore and the Celtic Tree Calendar.  For descriptions and correspondences of the thirteen sacred trees of Wicca/Witchcraft see the following:  Birch /  Rowan / Ash /  Alder /  Willow Hawthorn /  Oak /  Holly /  Hazel /  Vine /  Ivy /  Reed /  Elder


Sacred Sites:


Mystical Sacred Sites  -  Stonehenge /  Glastonbury Tor /  Malta - The Hypogeum of Hal Saflieni /  Avebury /  Cerne Abbas - The Chalk Giant /  Ireland - Newgrange /


Rocks and Stones:


Stones - History, Myths and Lore


Articles contributed by Patricia Jean Martin:


Apophyllite  / Amber Amethyst Aquamarine Aragonite Aventurine Black Tourmaline Bloodstone Calcite Carnelian Celestite Citrine Chrysanthemum StoneDiamond  /  Emerald / Fluorite Garnet /  Hematite Herkimer Diamond Labradorite Lapis Lazuli Malachite Moonstone Obsidian Opal Pyrite Quartz (Rock Crystal) Rose Quartz Ruby Selenite Seraphinite  /  Silver and GoldSmoky QuartzSodalite Sunstone ThundereggTree AgateZebra Marble


Wisdom and Inspiration:


Knowledge vs Wisdom by Ardriana Cahill I Talk to the TreesAwakening The Witch in YouA Tale of the Woods I have a Dream by Martin Luther King /


Articles and Stories about Witchcraft:


Murdered by Witchcraft The Fairy Witch of Clonmel A Battleship, U-boat, and a Witch The Troll-Tear (A story for Children) /  Goody Hawkins - The Wise Goodwife /  The Story of Jack-O-Lantern The Murder of the Hammersmith Ghost Josephine Gray (The Infamous Black Widow) /  The Two Brothers - Light and Dark


Old Masters of Academia:

(Our Ancestors)


Pliny the ElderHesiodPythagorasParacelsus /  Abramelin the Mage Archimedes AgrippaSocrates  /  AristotleAlbertus Magnus - “Albert the Great” /  



A "Who's Who" of Witches, Pagans and other associated People

(Ancient, Past and Present)


Remembered at Samhain

(Departed Pagan Pioneers, Founders, Elders and Others)


Pagan Pioneers:  Founders, Elders, Leaders and Others


Aidan A KellyAleister Crowley - “The Great Beast” /  Alex Sanders - “King of the Witches” /  Alison Harlow /   Allan Bennett - the Ven. Ananda MetteyyaAllan Kardec (Spiritism) /  Alphonsus de SpinaAmber KAnn Moura /  Anna FranklinAnodea JudithAnton Szandor LaVey /  Arnold CrowtherArthur Edward Waite /  Austin Osman SpareBalthasar Bekker /  Biddy EarlyBarbara Vickers /  Bridget Cleary - The Fairy Witch of Clonmel /  Carl " Llewellyn" Weschcke Cecil Hugh WilliamsonCharles Godfrey Leland /   Charles WaltonChristopher PenczakChristina Oakley Harrington Cornelius Loos /  Damh the Bard - "Dave Smith" /  Dion Fortune /  Dolores Aschroft-NowickiDonald Michael Kraig Doreen ValienteDorothy MorrisonDr. John Dee & Edward Kelly /  Dr. Leo Louis Martello /  Edain McCoy /  Edward FitchEleanor Ray Bone - “Matriarch of British Witchcraft” Eliphas Levi /  Ernest Thompson Seton /  Ernest Westlake /  Fiona Horne /   Frederick McLaren Adams - Feraferia Friedrich von Spee /  Francis Barrett /  Gavin and Yvonne Frost and the School and Church of Wicca /  Gerald B. Gardner - The father of contemporary Witchcraft /  Gwydion Pendderwen Hans HolzerHelen DuncanHermann Löher /  Herman Slater - Horrible Herman /  Heinrich KramerIdries ShahIsaac Bonewits Israel RegardieIvo Domínguez Jr. /  Jack Whiteside Parsons - Rocket Science and Magick /  James "Cunning" Murrell - The Master of Witches /  Janet Farrar and Gavin BoneJean Bodin Jessie Wicker Bell - “Lady Sheba” / Johann Weyer  / Johannes Junius - "The Burgomaster of Bamberg" /   Johann Georg Fuchs von Dornheim  -  the “Hexenbrenner” (witch burner) /  John Belham-Payne John George Hohman - "Pow-wow" /  John Gerard /  John Gordon Hargrave and the Kibbo Kith Kindred /  John Michael Greer /  John Score /  Joseph “Bearwalker” Wilson /  Joseph John Campbell /  Karl von Eckartshausen Lady Gwen Thompson - and "The Rede of the Wiccae" /  Lambert Daneau /  Laurie Cabot  - "the Official Witch of Salem" /  Lewis SpenceLodovico Maria Sinistrari Ludwig LavaterMadeline Montalban and the Order of the Morning Star /  Margaret Alice MurrayMargot AdlerMichael Howard and the UK "Cauldron Magazine" /  Margaret St. Clair - the “Sign of the Labrys” /  Marie Laveau - " the Voodoo Queen of New Orleans" /  Marion WeinsteinMartin Antoine Del Rio Matthew Hopkins - “The Witch-Finder General” /  Michael A. Aquino - and The Temple of Set /  Monique WilsonMontague Summers /  Nicholas CulpeperNicholas RemyM. R. SellarsMrs. Maud Grieve - "A Modern Herbal" /  Oberon Zell-Ravenheart and Morning GloryOld Dorothy Clutterbuck /  Old George PickingillOlivia Durdin-Robertson - co-founder of the Fellowship of Isis /  Paddy SladePamela Colman-SmithPatricia CrowtherPatricia Monaghan /  Patricia “Trish” TelescoPaul Foster Case and the “Builders of the Adytum” mystery school /  Peter Binsfeld /  Philip HeseltonRaven GrimassiRaymond Buckland /  Reginald Scot /  Richard BaxterRobert CochraneRobert ‘von Ranke’ Graves and the "The White Goddess" /  Rosaleen Norton - “The Witch of Kings Cross” /  Rossell Hope Robbins /   Ross Nichols and the " Order of Bards, Ovates & Druids" (OBOD) /  Rudolf SteinerSabrina Underwood - "The Ink Witch" /  Scott CunninghamSelena Fox - founder of "Circle Sanctuary" /  Silver RavenwolfSir Francis Dashwood /  Sir James George Frazer and the " The Golden Bough"S.L. MacGregor Mathers and the “Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn” /  Starhawk /  Stewart Farrar /  Sybil LeekTed Andrews The Mather Family - (includes:  Richard Mather, Increase Mather and Cotton Mather ) /   Thomas AdyT. Thorn CoyleVera ChapmanVictor & Cora Anderson and the " Feri Tradition" /  Vivianne CrowleyWalter Brown GibsonWalter Ernest ButlerWilliam Butler YeatsZsuzsanna Budapest /  



Many of the above biographies are briefs and far from complete.  If you know about any of these individuals and can help with additional information, please contact me privately at my email address below.  Many thanks for reading  :-)



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